WHAT IS THE EUROPEAN UNION?

The European Union is created up of 28 Member States. Founded on November 1 1993, the European Union is a political and financial union creating policies aiming to make sure absolutely free movement of goods, folks, solutions and capital inside its internal industry. Lots of laws are standardised across all Member States and typical policies on trade apply.

HOW ARE EU LAWS DECIDED?

The European Council, the Council of the European Union, the European Parliament, the European Commission, the Court of Justice of the European Union, the European Central Bank and the European Court of Auditors undertake choice-creating by means of a hybrid governance method created up of these bodies.

WHAT WAS THE Outcome OF THE REFERENDUM?

On 23 June 2016, the UK public voted in favour of leaving the European Union. Voters turned out at a price of 72.two% and the Leave vote won 51.9% of the vote across the entire of the UK.

WHAT DOES THE Outcome OF THE REFERENDUM Imply FOR THE UK?

It is extremely unlikely that the government would ignore the outcome provided the circumstance but the government does not have to respect the vote to leave.

The cause for this is that Parliament can vote against the adoption of any legislation linked to withdrawal. Nevertheless, if the UK government had currently notified the EU below Short article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty, Parliament would not be capable to oppose it.

The UK’s membership of NATO will stay unchanged and so the influence on the armed forces and defence really should be minimal.

WHAT IS Short article 50 OF THE LISBON TREATY?

Short article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty (or the Reform Treaty) is an international agreement which types the constitutional basis of the European Union. The Treaty entered into force from December 1 2009.

SO WHAT DOES THE Outcome OF THE REFERENDUM Imply FOR UK LAWS AND REGULATIONS?

Till the UK essentially leaves the EU, EU legal specifications need to be met. To eliminate EU obligations from UK law, the government will be expected to repeal a quantity of laws. This contains repealing the European Communities Act (ECA) 1972, any straight applicable EU regulations and secondary legislation implementing EU law.

If the UK government believes that these laws can perform devoid of the UK getting a member of the European Union, any straight applicable EU regulation or secondary legislation implementing EU law can stay enforceable in the UK.

WHAT DOES THIS Imply FOR IMMIGRATION, MOVEMENT OF Folks AND Operating RIGHTS OF EU/EEA CITIZENS?

Till Short article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty is invoked, operating rights and the movement of folks/immigration remains unchanged. In the lengthy term, what occurs in practice will rely on the method taken by the government and the 27 other Member States for the duration of the UK’s withdrawal negotiations. Through the referendum campaign, the government did not establish any method or clarify what method it would take if the folks voted to leave the European Union.

WHAT IS MOST Probably TO Occur?

UK and other European governments will most likely favour a remedy that protects the immigration rights of folks currently working out their absolutely free movement rights mainly because of widespread disruption and the administrative burden (at a price to taxpayers) modifications could trigger.

It really should be noted that for the duration of the leave campaign, supporters recommended that in the occasion of a vote to leave the EU, there would be no modify for EU citizens currently lawfully resident in the UK.

At time of writing, it is fair to say that there is no consensus on what implications Brexit will have on immigration and immigration from other nations outdoors of Europe (such as Commonwealth citizens).

WHAT ABOUT UK BORDER WITH FRANCE?

It is probable that the Treaty of Le Touquet is re-negotiated. The Treaty of Le Touquet governs the immigration controls for UK/French borders. The Le Touquet Treaty can be broken by France prior to the UK leaves the EU and in the occasion that the UK does not leave the EU.

WILL SCOTLAND Keep IN THE EU?

Some nations have relationships with the EU devoid of getting EU Member States in their personal proper. If a second Scottish independence referendum was passed, there is no certainty that Scotland could stay in the EU if the UK triggers Short article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty. This is mainly because Scotland is not a state below international law eligible to sign international treaties. Scotland does not have the energy to overturn international relations decided in Whitehall. This is detailed below the Scotland Act 1998.

This implies that Scotland can not be an EU Member State in its personal proper and nor can Scotland and the EU sign an Association Agreement really should they want to following the benefits of that referendum.

Overseas Nations and Territories (OCTs) have duty and trade quota absolutely free access to the EU industry for goods and automatically acquire superior terms of trade in solutions and establishment. OCTs do not participate in EU choice-creating and so nor do any Treaties apply to them. If Scotland wanted to develop into an OCT, the definition of EU treaties would have to modify.

There is no precedent for a devolved component of an EU Member State becoming independent and undergoing the accession approach for getting appointed as a new Member State.

The Scotland Act 2016 did not give the Scottish Parliament law-creating powers in relation to referendums and so UK consent would be expected for an additional Scottish referendum.

SO WHAT Need to WE DO IN SUMMARY?

All we can do is prepare scenarios. UK industry self-assurance may perhaps have suffered as a outcome of an unprecedented choice in Europe. No nation has ever left the European Union and this will generate uncertainty. Nevertheless, uncertainty is chance. In terms of housing rates, exchange and completion can take among 3 to six months and the level of influence to the UK house industry remains to be observed. Corporations need to be constantly proactive in managing danger. A thorough overview and influence assessment may possibly be viewed as by concerned business enterprise owners prior to Short article 50 is triggered.